Geraniums Are Simple Consideration Summer Sweethearts

Geranium (a variety of pelargonium) is widely used and very popular as annual garden and container plants all over the world. Their appeal stems from their gorgeous masses of flowers that look fantastic from summer to winter; their ease of care “ease of care”; and the presence of thousands of varieties that create awesome colors and patterns. In most areas, geranium is considered an annual plant, but in warmer zones – usually in zones 10 and 11, depending on the variety – it can be grown as a perennial plant.

Geranium Plants-What’s The Difference?

There are two types of plants that most people call “geraniums”.

“Real geraniums” are hardy, native and wild plants that provide excellent ground cover and fill the space in your garden and landscape.

Pelargoniums, which are more delicate plants, grow in South Africa.

Both types of geraniums produce a large number of varieties, and they are often confused.

The shape of the flower is the easiest way to distinguish pelargonium species from geranium species. Pelargonium flowers are bilaterally zygomorphic (the corolla has a single plane of symmetry with two mirror halves), while geranium flowers are actinomorphic (the corolla is radially symmetrical, with five petals arranged together)..

Geranium seeds are usually ejected by an explosive mechanism, but pelargonium seeds are fluttered in the wind due to the feathery end (devoid of geranium).

The foliage of cultivated geranium species is often more divided than that of cultivated pelargonium species.
Unlike cultivated geranium species, pelargonium has thick juicy stems.

Geranium and pelargonium belonged to the same genus-geraniums. However, in 1789 they were divided into two genera. True geranium is also known as hardy geranium, evergreen geranium and Crane geranium (because of the shape of their pods).

These native or naturalized plants grow on a level with the Ground and spread quickly and easily by rhizomes. The leaves of hardy geranium vary depending on the variety, but are often jagged, very lush and attractive. Delicate flowers of sapphire, purple, purple, pink and white.

Hardy geraniums are not as huge as their relatives-pelargoniums. However, they are significantly more resilient and can thrive in a wider range of conditions. They produce many gorgeous flowers and grow so fast that they can be used as groundcover plants. The flowers of the hardy geranium are modest, but very beautiful. Their leaves range in size from relatively small (the size of a penny) to quite huge. In many ways, a sustainable geranium is a significantly more intriguing addition to your garden than an African pelargonium. It can be grown all year round in zones 8 to 10, its height varies from five inches to three feet.

Hardy geraniums are herbaceous perennials with silky stems that give a fantastic accent to any garden. They are an excellent choice for edging curbs and filling gaps, as they are strong, durable and resistant to most ailments and pests. In winter they go into a dormant state, and in spring new leaves sprout. As a result, most varieties can withstand temperatures up to -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-30°C).

Growing real geraniums

Hardy geraniums are, in fact, wildflowers, so they do not require special attention. For the growth of real geraniums, a well-drained, fertile and moist bed is required. Some real geraniums can be planted from seed, but identified varieties should start with cuttings. It is best to do this in early spring.

If you don’t have much rain in the summer, you will need to water once a week. Mulching around the roots is useful in places with fairly hot and dry summers, as it helps to keep the roots moist.

Since these cute little plants grow unruly like wildflowers, you can cut them once during the growing season. Be sure to leave the stem at least two to three inches above the soil surface during pruning. If you live in the Deep South, where there is a lot of moisture and heat in summer, you may have problems growing even the hardiest geraniums due to mold problems. A haircut in the middle of the season will help you, as it will improve air circulation.

Geranium Varieties

Geranium macrorizum is a perennial plant endemic to the Balkans and the Southeastern Alps. Other names for this are stone crank, bigfoot geranium and Bulgarian geranium. Although geranium macrorizum is grown mainly as an ornamental plant, it also has antibacterial properties useful in traditional medicine and aromatherapy.

Pelargonium x hortorum is also known as zonal geranium, zonal pelargonium or garden geranium. This species is easy to grow, and it can be propagated at home by cuttings. Gardeners grow it so that it becomes a beautiful ornamental plant.

Cantabrian geranium is another perennial herbaceous plant from the geranium family with the common name hardy geranium. It grows easily in a variety of habitats, attracts butterflies and tolerates deer and rabbits.

The maderense geranium is also known as the Madeira crane because it grows on the island of Madeira in Portugal. This evergreen perennial plant grows spectacular pink flowers and divided fern leaves.

Rosanna geranium or Rosanna geranium is a perennial plant capable of growing in many climatic conditions. It does not require special care and is resistant to pets and many ailments.

Your real geraniums will grow if you plant them on a bed that gets the morning or afternoon sun. Full sun all day is too much. Many of them feel good in shaded areas. For example, the coastal variety of wildflowers (Geranium maculatum) feels very good in cool places with deep shade.

This delicate-looking but hardy wildflower brings a bright color to shaded areas with its rather large light pink flowers.

Other varieties that do well in the shade include geranium endressii, also known as the action rose, and geranium knotty, which has rather shiny leaves and beautiful funnel-shaped flowers, the color of which varies from pale lilac to a rather dark shade of pink. Geranium phaeum is another good choice for dark and cool places. Perhaps you know this kind of wild geranium as Samobor. It has dark green leaves with brown flowers.

There is another variety known as album, with variegated leaves and white flowers. Finally, the variety of real geranium that offers the greatest choice is Oxonian geranium, which is available in 34 named varieties. Some of the best options include:

Both of these types are very hardy and aggressive and have strong weed suppression properties. In milder regions, they will remain green all year round. Both are hardy in zones 3 to 9.

Containers and rock gardens

Real geraniums are an excellent choice in containers or in rock gardens. A ballerina is especially suitable for these purposes. This variety is hardy in zones 4-9. It produces large spectacular pale lavender flowers with contrasting burgundy veins. The leaves are an interesting and pleasant ash-gray shade. Another good choice for containers or rock gardens is Nigricans, which are hardy in zones 8-10. This plant produces small white flowers.

Multi- Year Boundaries

Cedric Morris is an excellent choice of real geraniums for sunny and bright places. It is quite spectacular, with large leaves and pale purple flowers. For contrast, you can also include a white variety of this variety. Its flowers are slightly larger.

Cultivation of pelargonium geranium

Pelargonium flowers are delightful home and garden plants that are easy to grow and care for. Pelargoniums are very popular as indoor and garden plants. Many varieties grow quite well in hanging baskets. They are available in a wide range of floral and color options. They bloom outdoors all year round if you live in a temperate climate zone. If you live in conditions of severe frost, you must provide them with winter protection.

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